Bruce Bower over at Science News reports that a new study conducted by anthropologist Efthymia Nikita of the University of Cambridge in England has found that men were drilling pieces out of each other's skulls to treat wounds or cure other ailments. Over two-thousand years ago!
Nikita, who studied three skulls that once belonged to living men who resided in what is now southwest Libya, determined that the "dime- to quarter-sized holes inside hollowed-out areas, as well as scraped-out depressions" were not from "disease, bone-chewing animals, accidental falls or intentional blows." They are, instead, evidence of surgical procedures performed thousands of years ago.
I wonder if any female skulls have the same pattern of holes and depressions, or if trepanation was just something the boys did back then.
To read the entire article, see: Ancient Saharan head cases